Ethics = Values-decisions & choices-conduct

April 26, 2014 at 12:26 AM (Uncategorized)

This image really made me think about last week’s class on ethics. Writing a research paper or conducting a study is hard enough to stay unbiased but when you have to take ethical considerations into account how can any paper really be 100% unbiased and ethical. I think this image raises a great question because who’s definition of values is the correct one? Everybody’s idea of what is ethical can vary so much based on their morals and values.

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I found this image while looking around and I think it supports my claim earlier about how hard it is to have research ethics. I cant help but think of medical research and all they must have to go through to even get a study off the ground.

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Reflective Boundary Object – Week 1

April 5, 2014 at 6:48 PM (Uncategorized)

Reflective Boundary Object - Week 1

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Checking out site

May 20, 2010 at 6:41 PM (Uncategorized)

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The Rest of The Story ~ Ways of Seeing

March 20, 2010 at 3:44 AM (Design Theory)

In the book Ways of Seeing by John Berger I was introduced to a different way of looking at art through the seven individual essays, both written and pictorial. The book explores the way we see, the way humans have seen and the way in which seeing has been manipulated through art and the media.

Basically the book is saying that in our European based culture women are objects, men are subjects. Men survey, women are surveyed. Since women are always on display in our society, they adjust their behavior in order to please and fit in with our male dominated society. Berger writes about the relationship between art and the presumed observer/audience. In the beginning he talks about how the modern invention of the camera changed the way we view art. In fact he alludes to the fact that the camera has destroyed the true way of seeing.

I kept looking for chapters that showed anything but the nude female and it took until the later part of chapter six to find any. I’m not quite sure why the book was mainly comprised of naked females but it seems like the men who wrote the essay were very fond of them. Like the ads of today, the female subjects of the oil paintings were objectified and reduced to mere commodities that could be bought and sold at random. Even in Chapter 7 when the topic was all about publicity images, how we advertise items and what they are actually selling, they had to throw in images of naked women and women with suggestive poses.

An AhHa moment for me was in Chapter four pages 76-81.  I looked at the portraits and wondered what their life must have been like and what kind of people they must have been. In Chapter One when the author talks about the two portraits, Governors and the Governesses of an Alms House, he says “As in so many other pictures by Hals, the penetrating characterizations almost seduce us into believing that we know the personality traits ad even the habits of the men and women portrayed” (page 14). Throughout the book I kept thinking about that statement.

This reading is relevant to our course only in the sense that it addresses the fact that any design we create with illustration and images could, and would, be taken in many different ways. Other than that I think the book was directed more to a fine art student.

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Personal Aesthetic Statement

March 19, 2010 at 5:49 AM (Design Theory)

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Gestalt Project

March 16, 2010 at 4:29 PM (Design Theory)

The word Gestalt means a unified or meaningful whole. A configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts Gestalt is a general description for the concepts that make unity and variety possible in design.

It is a German word that roughly translates as “whole” or “form.” Gestalt theory is involved with visual perception and the psychology of art among other things. It applied in gestalt psychology it means “unified whole” or ” configuration.” The essential point of gestalt is that in perception the whole is different from the sum of its parts.

A physical, biological, psychological, or symbolic configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that its properties cannot be derived from a simple summation of its parts.

Libby’s example of an optical ullision

I think this works because you can see an apple core outlined by a mans face on the left and a childs face on the right.
This is an example of figure ground you can see the spatula in between the letters

Libby’s example of Closure: You can read the complete word Gestalt but there is missing information. This is an example of  the whole is the sum of its parts.
Sources:
daphne.palomar.edu/design/gestalt.htm
psychology.about.com/od/schoolsofthought/f/gestalt_faq.htm
www.thefreedictionary.com/gestalt


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Cultural Differences in Advertising

March 9, 2010 at 8:16 PM (Design Theory)

One of the most difficult challenges for marketing internationally is communicating to people of diverse cultures. Cultural differences may exist not only between nations but also within a nation itself. Because of the varying value systems, attitudes, perceptions and communication of individuals and groups this makes it difficult to reach every market. Before starting any project research needs to be done to make sure your design is not offensive to the market in which it’s intended.

In the article “The Gender Ads Project” the Author takes a look at so many different ads and what they were supposedly intended to do and actually how they came across to the “other side.” This website http://www.genderads.com/Gender_Ads.com.html offers a huge range of topics that are controversial, yet excepted, depending on your value system. Just click on the “dolls” link and look at some of the ads, you will be amazed what someone has decided is in good taste.

This ad (http://www.genderads.com/Dolls.html#29 ) has a man in bed with a doll, he seems to be very happy and the title reads “ For those obsessed with fashion”

What do these ads mean? What are their impact on our minds, bodies, relationships, and society?  These are all question we need to ask ourselves before starting any design project.

Color means different things to different cultures. In China green is viewed as a very bad color. If a man was said to be wearing a “green” hat that means he is having and affair.  In Ireland green is viewed very positively. It is their national color and the color of shamrocks, which are good luck. In the country of Malaysia  Green leaves laid in the back of your car window means you are in trouble and assistance is Needed. In the Middle East (Muslims) green is the color of life, and paradise; heaven is described as a lush green garden. In the United States green represents ecology and conservation. It is a very positive thing to be “green”

PEACE SYMBOL or a BROKEN UPSIDE-DOWN CROSS:

One of the most widely known symbols in the world, in Britain it is recognized as standing for nuclear disarmament —and in particular as the logo of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND). In the United States and much of the rest of the world it is known more broadly as the peace symbol however, the peace symbol meant different things at different times.

Some call it Nero’s cross, linking it to the notorious Roman emperor who persecuted Christians. Centuries later, it was recognized as an old Norse Rune. After WW2 (1939-1945), it was found on the tombstones of some of Hitler’s SS troops and labeled ‘The Dead Man Rune.’

Revived in the sixties by hippies and others who protested nuclear weapons, Western culture, and Christian values, it became a worldwide symbol of a new age of global peace and earth-centered unity.

Sources:

http://www.docspopuli.org/articles/PeaceSymbolArticle.html

http://www.crossroad.to/Books/symbols1.html

http://www.ltcconline.net/lukas/gender/pages/controversy.htm

http://www.genderads.com/Gender_Ads.com.html


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Signs: Icon, Index, Symbol

March 8, 2010 at 11:11 PM (Design Theory)

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Design Research Project

February 17, 2010 at 5:34 PM (Design Theory)

As a class assignment we were assigned certain design element terms. We were to research those terms and come up with examples to show our understanding. Our group consisted of  Jen Rogers, Misty Light, Carissa Cluchta, and myself. Our design research topics were: Proximity, Similarity, Continuation, and Closure.

To view the full pdf  click the link Design Research Project

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Accessibility In Print

February 15, 2010 at 2:54 AM (Design Theory)

Our assignment this week was to listen to a podcast entitled Web Accessibility for Everyone. Jeannie Yandel interviewed Wendy Chishom, co-author of Universal Design, and a computer programmer and developer.

In the interview Wendy tells a story about when she was in college and was asked by one of your professors to tutor a blind student in a statistics class. Her first thought was “how in the world am I going to do that”. Then she had to start thinking creatively and came up with several ideas like using legos to teach the concepts. It was during this time that Wendy started thinking about disabilities and how we could overcome the obstacles that prevented them from having the same accessibility than those without disabilities have. I liked one of her quotes; “its not the wheel chair that makes the building inaccessible it’s the stairs”

Wendy and others wrote new universal accessibility guidelines for web developers. In 1999 the WWW adopted those guidelines as an international standard for web design.

Some problems still exist. The Metro bus line, CNN, YouTube as well as others are still not fully functional for people with disabilities. There was one idea I really liked; Wendy mentions that people with disabilities need to be involved in the beginning stages of development. That is such a smart move, who else would know exactly what was needed. I however do not think this is the answer to world peace!

According to National Center on Disability and Access to Education website most of the work in accessibility has been done in the area of visual disabilities. However, according to the US Census 14.3 million Americans age 15 and over have mental disabilities; Alzheimer’s, senility, dementia and learning disabilities. Accessibilities for users with cognitive disabilities can be far greater challenge than for those with other types of disabilities. There still needs to be a lot of work in this area.

Several websites that I found talked about these issues and what they were doing to be proactive. Adobe’s site listed all the considerations they have put into each program to minimize issues with certain disabilities. Another website is Graphic Artists Guild. They have made available for Graphic Artist who are designing materials twelve downloadable symbols to advertise accessibility to employees, customers, audiences, and anyone else who needs access to anything you are designing. The guild makes it easier to create something without having to look all over for symbols.

As designers we need to stay up to date on all the changes and try to impanelment as many into our designs as possible

http://www.graphicartistsguild.org/resources/disability-access-symbols/

http://www.ncdae.org/tools/cognitive/

http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/

http://blogs.adobe.com/accessibility/

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